Acute Kidney Problems

If your kidneys suddenly stop working, doctors call it acute kidney injury or acute renal failure. The main causes are:

  • Not enough blood flow to the kidneys
  • Direct damage to the kidneys themselves
  • Urine backed up in the kidneys

Those things can happen when you:
Have a traumatic injury with blood loss, such as in a car wreck
Are dehydrated and your muscle tissue breaks down, sending too much protein into your bloodstream
Go into shock because you have a severe infection called sepsis
Have an enlarged prostate that blocks your urine flow
Take certain drugs or are around certain toxins
Have complications during a pregnancy, such as eclampsia and pre-eclampsia
Autoimmune diseases, when your immune system attacks your body, can also cause an acute kidney injury.

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